Watermills hold a significant place in the daily life of the Cyclades islanders, much like windmills. In Naxos, the remains of several watermills stand as evidence of the island's utilization of water as a vital resource alongside wind power. Notably, in areas abundant in water, the inhabitants favored the construction of watermills due to their cost-effectiveness and swifter construction process.

The watermills of Naxos served the community for centuries and boasted intricate mechanisms. It is believed that around 90 watermills existed on the island, primarily concentrated in the central and northern parts. While some watermills still retain their main structures, others have succumbed to the passage of time, with collapsed roofs or mere ruins remaining.

For instance, in the village of Melanes, two watermills previously owned by Jesuit monks can be found. Additionally, watermills can be observed in Mesi Potamia and Eggares. These watermills harnessed the power of water to activate their mechanisms, enabling millers to grind wheat and perform their vital tasks.