Naxos has a strong association with Greek Mythology, with many of the famous Olympus Gods such as Zeus, Dimitra, Dionysus, Apollon, Artemis, and Poseidon being worshipped in various ways and locations on the island.

According to Greek mythology, Zeus was born in Crete as the son of Kronos and Rhea. In order to protect Zeus from his father, Rhea sent him to Naxos to be raised in a cave. Legend has it that on the mountain, Zeus gained the power of thunder. When he was strong enough, he fought against his father and became the ruler of the Olympus Gods. In honor of Zeus, the highest mountain on Naxos and the cave where he was raised were named “Zas” by the island’s inhabitants.

Dionysus and Ariadne 
Ariadne, the daughter of King Minos, helped Theseus navigate the labyrinth and slay the Minotaur, a creature that was half-man and half-bull. To escape from her father, she fled from Crete. Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility, fell in love with Ariadne and appeared in Theseus’ dream, telling him to leave her on the island of Naxos. When Ariadne arrived on the island, Dionysus appeared to her and made her his wife, granting her immortality. Today, a Kouros statue near Apollonas is believed to represent Dionysus, according to recent archaeological research.

Dimitra, the Goddess of Agriculture, Harvest, Sowing, and Fertility, was worshipped in her temple located in the agricultural area near Sagri Village. Her daughter, Persephone, was abducted by Hades, the God of Death, and was forced to marry him after eating six pomegranate seeds, making her the Goddess of the Underworld. Through negotiations between Dimitra and Hades, it was agreed that Persephone would spend six months of the year with her mother as the Goddess of the Fields and the remaining six months with her husband as the Queen of the Underworld. The unique architecture of the Temple of Dimitra suggests that Persephone was also worshipped at this site.